What to Expect at Your Tubal Ligation

Tubal ligation is a common and effective method of permanent birth control. People choose tubal ligation as their birth control method for many reasons. It’s a good choice for people who don’t want to have children or who are done having children. It’s also a good option for people who shouldn’t get pregnant because of health risks and people who have a genetic condition that they don’t want to pass on to a child.

It’s not a good option for people who may want to have children in the future. While a tubal ligation can be reversed, the chance that you’ll be able to conceive after your tubes are reattached is 50% to 80%.

Thinking about getting a tubal ligation, also commonly referred to as getting your tubes tied? The experienced and compassionate providers at Women’s Health Care Center, PLLC in Helena, Montana, share what you need to know about this effective and safe procedure. 

What happens during a tubal ligation?

In order to get pregnant, an egg must travel down your fallopian tube to meet the sperm. Without this tube, the egg can’t reach the sperm, and the sperm is blocked from reaching the egg for fertilization. A tubal ligation either cuts, ties, or blocks these tubes (there are two).  

Some women opt to have this procedure after they’ve given birth. Others schedule it for a time at their convenience. You may be given general anesthesia, which puts you to sleep during the procedure, or local anesthesia, which means you’ll be awake but won’t feel any pain. 

During the procedure, your doctor makes a few small incisions near your abdomen. The doctor may pump gas into your abdomen to get a better look inside. Then, they insert a narrow tube with a light, and a camera called a laparoscope. Through this tube, your doctor uses thin instruments to perform the procedure. 

Usually, tubal ligation is an outpatient procedure, meaning you can go home the same day after a period of recovery. 

What to expect after a tubal ligation

Once you arrive home, you will still need to rest while you fully recover from surgery. You should refrain from heavy lifting and regular activity, including sex, until you feel better and your doctor gives you the OK.

You may feel discomfort and tenderness, dizziness, stomach cramps, or shoulder pain. These symptoms usually subside within a day or two. 

You’ll be sent home with instructions on how to care for your incision. After the anesthesia wears off, you can slowly resume your regular diet. You will still get your period regularly but can continue sexual activity without fear of getting pregnant once your doctor tells you it’s OK, usually around a week or two after the surgery. 
Do you want more information about permanent birth control? Call Women’s Health Care Center to speak with one of our expert providers. You can also book an appointment online through this website.

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